Why Costa Rica Is No Longer A Third World Country?

The Past of Costa Rica

Costa Rica, a small Central American country, was once considered a third world country due to its economic and political instability. The country was plagued by civil wars, political corruption, and poverty. However, in recent years, the country has undergone significant changes and has emerged as a leader in the region.

The Turning Point

The turning point for Costa Rica came in the 1980s when the country embraced democracy and economic reforms. The government invested heavily in education, healthcare, and infrastructure, which led to significant improvements in the standard of living for the people.

The Role of Tourism

One of the main drivers of Costa Rica’s economic growth has been tourism. The country’s natural beauty, biodiversity, and stable political environment have made it a popular destination for travelers from around the world. The government has invested heavily in promoting ecotourism and sustainable development, which has helped to create jobs and boost the economy.

The Importance of Education

Another key factor in Costa Rica’s development has been its focus on education. The government has made education a top priority and has invested heavily in improving the quality of education at all levels. Today, Costa Rica has one of the highest literacy rates in the world and a well-educated workforce that is driving the country’s economic growth.

The Present of Costa Rica

Economic Growth

Today, Costa Rica is one of the fastest-growing economies in Latin America. The country has a strong and diversified economy, with a growing technology sector, manufacturing, and services. Costa Rica’s GDP per capita has more than doubled over the past few decades, and the poverty rate has declined significantly.

Social Progress

Costa Rica has also made significant progress in social development. The country has a strong social safety net, with universal healthcare and a robust public education system. Costa Rica has a high life expectancy and a low infant mortality rate, which are indicators of a healthy population.


Costa Rica is also a leader in sustainability. The country has made significant investments in renewable energy, and more than 98% of its electricity comes from renewable sources. Costa Rica is also committed to protecting its natural resources and has set aside more than 25% of its land for conservation.

The Future of Costa Rica


Despite its progress, Costa Rica still faces significant challenges. The country has a high level of income inequality, and many people still live in poverty. The government also faces challenges in controlling corruption and maintaining its democratic institutions.

The Road Ahead

However, Costa Rica has a bright future. The country has a well-educated and skilled workforce, a stable political environment, and a commitment to sustainability. Costa Rica is well-positioned to continue its economic and social progress and to become a leader in the region.


In conclusion, Costa Rica has come a long way since its days as a third world country. The country’s focus on education, democracy, and sustainability has paid off, and it has emerged as a leader in the region. While there are still challenges to be addressed, Costa Rica’s future looks bright, and it is a model for other countries in the region to follow.